The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the spread of COVID-19 to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) on January 30, 2020 and then characterized it as a pandemic on March 11, 2020. Till September 1, 2020, there are about 25 million cases and about 1 million deaths worldwide due to COVID-19. With these numbers poised to grow, we observe that with an overstretched healthcare infrastructure there are humanitarian challenges of unprecedented levels.
Globally Clinical Research has been in the forefront, for understanding the nature of the virus and trying diagnostics, therapeutics or preventive measures including vaccines, seeking insights on how to be prepared to face next infectious disease pandemic. In addition to clinical trials, epidemiological and socio-behavioral studies play a critical role in reducing morbidity and mortality and improving preparedness for future pandemics.