Tissue damage is one of the most severe consequences of Type 2 Diabetes and is responsible for most of the advanced complications of this lifestyle disorder. A new study by Indian researchers describes a novel diagnostic protocol to quickly and non-invasively assess tissue damage in diabetics by evaluating the quality of the patients' fingernails.
If you are moaning about how difficult it is to get that special someone to like you, spare a thought for the natural world where stepping out in flamboyance might mean risking your life. Through a creative series of experiments, a group of ecologists from the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, has investigated whether male and female tree-crickets face an equal risk of getting attacked by predators while searching for the perfect mate.
Depression leaves its mark not only in our ability to experience positive emotions, but also in our capacity to learn and form stable memories. A new study by researchers at the National Center for Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bangalore, sheds light on the differences between how unipolar and bipolar depression can affect a person's capacity to update old memories with new information.
Researchers in Hyderabad have successfully expressed and purified a novel antimicrobial protein from the milk of an egg-laying mammal, echidna, using a simple bacterial system. The protein displays antibacterial action against a wide spectrum of bacteria and could be useful in battling drug-resistant pathogens.
In a country where more than 80% of medical devices are imported, IIT Bombay researchers have developed India’s first biodegradable bone screw. The screw is made of a polymer-based biomaterial which contains Magnesium Oxide nanoparticles and silk fibres, and its mechanical strength can be tuned to match the target tissue.
Zebrafish have the remarkable ability to regenerate their retinas upon damage, which makes them ideal candidates to study possible ways to restore vision following retinal injury. A new study by researchers at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Mohali, has found a new mechanism via which epigenetic factors regulate retinal regeneration in zebrafish.
Gallbladder cancer has a high rate of incidence in Indian populations and a heavy mortality rate. Now, researchers from ACTREC, Mumbai, have pinpointed a pair of genetic mutations in gallbladder cancer patients, which may serve as potential drug targets for treatment.