In India, children are vaccinated against measles starting at ~9 months of age. This time is chosen to correspond with the loss of maternal immunity conferred through the placenta or breastfeeding, which protects the infants till then. Now, a new study suggests that maternal immunity may disappear much earlier than predicted, potentially leaving infants vulnerable to an infection.
Obesity is an emerging health challenge in India, estimated to affect over 135 million individuals at present. Now, a new study from researchers at the National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health (NIRRH-ICMR) investigates the unexplored link between obesity and male fertility.
Do the same microbial species reside in the guts of people from different parts of India? Researchers from IISER Bhopal decided to carry out an in-depth study of the diversity of Indian gut flora by comparing and contrasting the microbiome of populations from two parts of the country with very disparate diets.
Plasmodium, the malaria parasite, is believed to be of simian origin. Non-human primates can act as a reservoir for this parasite, and in certain cases the parasite has been shown to be transmissible between humans and apes. Researchers led by Praveen Karanth from the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru recently profiled Plasmodium in multiple Indian non-human primate species, in an effort to better understand the spread of this parasite in monkey populations.
The gut microbiome plays a critical role in regulating human metabolism and health. Bug Speaks, a new initiative by the bioinformatics company Leucine Rich Bio, aims to utilize information gleaned from assessing the gut microbiome to predict disease susceptibility and provide personalized health recommendations.
In order to treat severe burn wounds, the progress of healing needs to be monitored regularly. This is usually done by measuring collagen levels using biochemical or histopathological methods. Now, researchers from the Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, have come up with a way to assess burn wound healing by using a minimally-invasive laser-based method to optically measure collagen.
A recent large-scale study of almost four thousand Indian children found the prevalence of neurodevelopmental disorders to be nearly 12%. During the course of the study, the authors identified, developed and validated diagnostic tools for several of these disorders in the Indian context and have now made them available in the public domain for anyone to use.